2018 California ocean salmon sport and commercial fishing regulations have not yet been determined. Fishery regulations that take effect in April 2018 for the area south of Horse Mountain will be finalized at the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC) meeting in March. Regulations in effect on or after May 1, 2018 will be adopted at the PFMC meeting in April. Beginning in 2018, recreational ocean salmon fishing regulations in state waters will no longer be adopted through the Fish and Game Commission (FGC) rulemaking process, but will now automatically conform to federal regulations in accordance with CCR Title 14, Section 1.95.
Recreational Ocean Salmon Regulations
General Sport Regulations
- Daily bag limit: 2 salmon of any species except Coho.
- Possession limit: No more than two daily bag limits may be possessed when on land. On a vessel in ocean waters, no person shall possess or bring ashore more than one daily bag limit.
- Retention of Coho salmon or steelhead trout is prohibited in any ocean fishery.
- Salmon may not be filleted on any boat or prior to being brought ashore.
- Salmon may only be taken by angling as defined in CCR T14 §1.05. No sinkers or weights exceeding 4 lbs may be used, except that a fishing line may be attached to a sinker or weight of any size if such sinker or weight is suspended by a separate line and the fishing line is released automatically by a mechanical device from the sinker or weight when any fish is hooked.
- North of Point Conception: No more than two single-point, single-shank barbless hooks shall be used and no more than one rod per angler when fishing for salmon or fishing from a boat with salmon on board.
- Horse Mountain to Point Conception: When fishing with bait and angling by any means other than TROLLING1, no more than two single-point, single-shank barbless CIRCLE HOOKS 2 shall be used. The distance between the two hooks must not exceed 5 inches when measured from the top of the eye of the top hook to the inner base of the curve of the lower hook and both hooks must be permanently tied in place (hard tied).
NOTE: These special gear restrictions apply to each angler fishing for salmon or fishing from any boat or floating device with salmon on board.
- TROLLING is defined as angling from a boat or floating device that is making way by means of a source of power, other than drifting by means of the prevailing water current or weather conditions.
- A CIRCLE HOOK is defined as a hook with a generally circular shape and a point which turns inwards, pointing directly to the shank at a 90-degree angle.
- Recovery of coded-wire tag from salmon head: Any person in possession of a recreationally taken salmon with a
missing adipose fin (the small, fleshy fin on the back of the fish between the back fin and tail) shall immediately
relinquish the head of the salmon, upon request by an authorized agent or employee of the Department, to facilitate
the recovery of any coded-wire tag (CCR T14 §1.73).
Commercial Ocean Salmon Regulations
General Commercial Regulations
- All salmon except Coho; all commercial salmon must be landed in California
- Single point, single shank barbless hooks are required
- No more than 6 lines are allowed per vessel
- Compliance with minimum size or other special restrictions:All salmon on board a vessel must meet the minimum size and other special requirements for the area being fished and the area in which they are landed if that area is open or has been closed less than 48 hours. Salmon may be landed in an area that is closed more than 48 hours only if they meet the minimum size and other special requirements for the area in which they were caught AND it is not otherwise prohibited in the regulations.
- Reporting Requirements: Any person required to complete a landing receipt for the landing of salmon shall on the same landing receipt accurately record the total number of salmon landed in the “Note Pad” field of the landing receipt. Any person who lands salmon shall keep a copy of all landing receipts documenting salmon landings on board the fishing vessel that caught the salmon until 15 days after the last salmon season closure for the calendar year (Fish & Game Code §8043, CCR T14 §182).
- Transit through closed area with salmon on board: It is unlawful for a vessel to have troll gear in the water while transiting any area closed to salmon fishing while possessing salmon.
- Barbless circle hooks1 required when fishing with bait and fishing by any means other than trolling2
- A CIRCLE HOOK is defined as a hook with a generally circular
shape and a point which turns inwards, pointing directly to the shank at
a 90-degree angle.
- TROLLING is defined as angling from a boat or floating device
that is making way by means of a source of power, other than drifting
by means of the prevailing water current or weather conditions.
Note: When Pacific halibut are caught and landed incidentally in the commercial salmon troll fishery under an authorized license, both the number of Pacific halibut landed and the number of salmon landed must be recorded on the landing receipt. Please see federal regulations for incidental Pacific halibut harvest requirements and restrictions.