The Natural Community Conservation Planning (NCCP) program takes a broad-based ecosystem approach to planning for the protection and perpetuation of biological diversity. The NCCP program is one example of a CDFW program that is designed to facilitate the adaptation of wildlife to climate change. These plans build ecological resilience by creating landscape-scale interconnected reserve networks that are based on the major tenets of conservation biology, including representativeness, multiplicity, and redundancy of large habitat blocks and natural communities.
- Facilitating Movement and Climate Change Adaptation
NCCP reserve networks typically occupy hundreds of thousands of acres across the entire range of environmental gradients in a planning area, and because of this and their high level of connectivity, NCCP reserve systems readily provide for the natural movement of individual organisms, and species and habitat distributional shifts, in response to climate change. In addition, where possible, NCCP reserves and linkages also provide interconnections to large blocks of federal and other publicly-owned lands to help ensure that species and habitats on public lands have access to the broadest range of ecological gradients over which to adapt.
- Adaptive Management to Address Uncertainty
NCCPs acknowledge a high degree of scientific uncertainty and use conceptual predictive models to identify and resolve critical uncertainties, including effects of climate change, in an adaptive management framework that is regularly evaluated through regional effectiveness monitoring.